The GPI measures the state of peace in 162 countries. The index uses qualitative and quantitative data to gauge internal and external levels of peace. The GPI Report provides an analysis of the data, identifying trends in peace over time, as well as the key drivers of peace and an economic calculation of the impact of violence to the global economy.
By generating new information about the state of peace at the global level, the GPI aims to make a valuable contribution to better understand how civil society, researchers, policymakers and government can create a more peaceful society.
Peace is notoriously difficult to define. The GPI defines peace as: “the absence of violence and the absence of the fear of violence”, which is commonly understood as negative peace. The GPI report now includes a Positive Peace Index, which measures the strength of the attitudes, structures and institutions that move a society away from violence and towards peace.
The GPI is a composite index, comprised of 22 qualitative and quantitative indicators. The indicators were selected by an international expert panel and are reviewed annually. GPI indicators can be classified under three broad themes: ongoing domestic and international conflict, societal safety and security and militarisation.
Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict
Societal Safety and Security
For a full description of each indicator source and scoring methodology, refer to the Global Peace Index 2013 Report
All of the GPI indicators are given a normalised score on a scale of 1-5, whereby qualitative indicators are also provided estimates.
The overall GPI score assigned to each country applies a weight of 60% for internal peace and 40% for external. Internal peace measures how peaceful a country is internally and external peace measures the state of peace beyond a country’s boarders.
There are four additional countries included in the 2013 index: Kosovo, South Sudan, Timor-Leste, and Togo. Improvements to the methodology introduced by the GPI Expert Panel are described at page 52of the Global Peace Index 2013 Report
The GPI was founded by technology entrepreneur and philanthropist Steve Killelea. The GPI is produced annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), a global think tank dedicated to building a greater relationship between economics, business and peace. IEP also produces a series of National Peace Indices as well as a Global Terrorism Index.
Explore the data on the new interactive GPI map.
Vision of Humanity is an initiative of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). IEP have offices in New York and Sydney. For more specific inquiries related to the peace indexes and research, please contact IEP directly.