Pakistan continues to rank in the top 10 countries most impacted by terrorism on the Global Terrorism Index, due in part to its proximity with Afghanistan. Fatalities from terrorism increased substantially in 2013, rising 37% on 2012 levels. There were 23 different terrorist groups operating in Pakistan in 2013. However, 11 organisations accounted for the majority of the 270 identified attacks. Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), or the Pakistani Taliban was the most prominent of these groups, responsible for almost half of all claimed attacks.
Bombings and explosions are the most common form of attack for Pakistani terrorist organisations, making up almost 60% of the total. Private citizens made up 25% of overall deaths, while police accounted for 20%. The deadliest attacks were against religious institutions, which killed on average 5 people per attack. Over 500 cities in Pakistan experienced terrorism in 2013, with attacks focusing primarily on border areas such as Peshawar, Quetta and Jamrud.
Much like the Afghan Taliban, the Pakistani Taliban is opposed to education of girls. This issue gained international attention when a 15 year old child education activist, Malala Yousafzai, was shot on a school bus. In 2014 Malala Yousafzai, along with the Indian activist Kailash Satyarthi campaigning against forced childhood labour, were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Despite the international attention brought to the issue, violence continues and in 2013 there were over 100 attacks on educational institutions, with a total of 150 casualties.
For more information on terrorism in Pakistan, check out page 18 of the Global Terrorism Index Report.
Vision of Humanity is an initiative of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). IEP have offices in New York and Sydney. For more specific inquiries related to the peace indexes and research, please contact IEP directly.