The devastating terrorist attack at a train station in the Russian city of Volgograd has claimed the lives of 16 people and injured a further 50. According to the latest reports the explosion was caused by a suicide bomber, with further undetonated explosives found at the scene. Breaking news is now claiming another attack in Volgograd has taken place, with a trollybus explosion responsible for the deaths of 10 people - these figures are yet to be confirmed.
These attack comes just days after another explosion that killed three people near a police station in the North Caucasus city of Pyatigorsk.
Sadly, terrorism is a familiar story for Russia, which is amongst the top 10 countries most impacted by terrorism.
The terrorist attack in the Russian city of Beslan, known as the Beslan School Massacre, was the third largest terrorist attack to take place worldwide between 2002-2011.
According to the 2012 Global Terrorism Index (GTI), Russia experienced 182 terrorist incidents in 2011, which resulted in a total of 454 fatalities and 431 injuries.
Russia ranks 9th out of 158 countries on the Global Terrorism Index. The Index captures the lasting effects of terrorism by giving each country a score that reflects a 5 year weighted average (see more on the methodology of the GTI).
An analysis of the GTI shows that private citizens are not always the main target of terrorist activity, with 45% of attacks being made against the police or other government institutions. In keeping with global trends, over 75% of attacks are armed assaults and bombings.
Explore terrorism in Russia since 2002 on the interactive Global Terrorism Index map
Vision of Humanity is an initiative of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP). IEP have offices in New York and Sydney. For more specific inquiries related to the peace indexes and research, please contact IEP directly.